Leonardo da Vinci was the quintessential renaissance man. Best known for his achievement in the art world, da Vinci made significant contributions to architecture, botany, engineering, mathematics, music, history, cartography, geology, invention, and more — including animal rights and ethical vegetarianism, or what we today call veganism. Of course this final point isn’t one you’ll find very often discussed in the annals of historical literature. Could it be that Dan Brown got it all wrong? Is the real conspiracy that da Vinci was vegan? [tweet this]
With parts one, two and three of The History of Veganism series each being the length and depth of a full television episode, I wanted to create a spotlight series of shorter videos focusing on individuals key to veganism’s history. Cause who knows, you may just be so amazed and enthralled that you jump on over and watch the full series! (Don’t crush my dreams…)
Da Vinci’s Veganism
While da Vinci himself never seems to have stated explicitly that he was vegetarian — which, in those days usually meant vegan as the term “vegan” wasn’t coined until the 1940’s, but we’ll get to that soon in the main series — those who knew him described da Vinci as both caring for and not consuming animals.
Upon encountering vegetarians in India, Italian explorer Andrea Corsali wrote to his and da Vinci’s mutual patron Giuliano de’ Medici that they,
“do not feed upon anything that contains blood, or do they permit among them any injury be done to any living thing, like our Leonardo da Vinci.”
And Giorgio Vasari in 1550, spoke of da Vinci’s compassion and perhaps even establishes him as a liberator of animals: [tweet this]
“In all the other animals… he managed with the greatest love and patience; and this he showed when often passing by the places where birds were sold, for, taking them with his own hand out of their cages and having paid for them what was asked, he let them fly away into the air, restoring them to their lost liberty.”
Indicating his own dietary inclinations, Da Vinci did write that he would not let his body be a,
“tomb for other animals, an inn of the dead … a container of corruption.”
Against Animal Exploitation
Further writings belie the fact that da Vinci wasn’t speaking purely from a health standpoint. He wrote powerfully against the perceived entitlement of humans and their treatment of animals for their own gain:
“King of the animals–– as thou hast described him–– I should rather say king of the beasts, thou being the greatest––because thou doest only help them, in order that they give thee their children for the benefit of the gullet,[meaning killing animals for your stomach] of which thou hast attempted to make a sepulcher [meaning: grave/tomb] for all animals; and I would say still more, if I were allowed to speak the entire truth.”
Da Vinci even addressed the gap between human and non-human animals, turning our supposed superiority on its head:
“Man has great power of speech, but the greater part thereof is empty and deceitful. The animals have little, but that little is useful and true; and better is a small and certain thing than a great falsehood.”
Da Vinci asks those insistent on eating animals,
“Does not nature produce enough simple [meaning: plant-based] food for thee to satisfy thyself?”
This was a question often voiced by similarly veg-inclined Renaissance thinkers. Rather uniquely, though, da Vinci dove deeper into issues beyond diet:
“Of shoes made from leather
In many parts of the country you can see men walking about on the skins of large beasts.
Of candles made of beeswax
[The bees] give light to divine service—and for this they are destroyed.
Of knives with handles made of ram’s horns
Here we see the horns of certain beasts fitted to sharp iron, which is then used to take the lives of their own kind.
Here the hardest labour is repaid by hunger and thirst, pain and blows, goads and curses and loud abuse.
Of a fish served with its roe
Endless generations of fish will be lost because of the death of this pregnant one.
Of slaughtered oxen
Behold-the lords of great estates have killed their own labourers.”
And a similar passage:
“Of asses which are beaten
… I see thy children given into slavery to others, without any sort of advantage, and instead of remuneration for the services they have done, they are repaid by the severest suffering, and they spend their whole life in benefiting their oppressor.
And many will be cruelly robbed of their stores and their food, and will be cruelly submerged and drowned by folks devoid of reason. O justice of God! Why dost thou not awake to behold thy creatures thus abused?
Philosophy on Plants and Pain
Demonstrating once again that the arguments against veganism haven’t changed over the centuries and modern-day vegan hater comments are beyond unoriginal, is an excerpt from da Vinci explaining why it is that plants do not feel as animals do:
“Though nature has given sensibility to pain to such living organisms as have the power of movement, – in order thereby to preserve the members which in this movement are liable to diminish and be destroyed, – the living organisms which have no power of movement do not have to encounter opposing objects, and plants consequently do not need to have a sensibility to pain, and so it comes about that if you break them they do not feel anguish in their members as do the animals.”
A False Attribution
Before we close out this historical spotlight, I thought I’d mentioned as I did in the History of Veganism Part Three: Vegans in the Renaissance, that there is a quote often circulated amongst vegan and vegetarians that is falsely attributed to da Vinci:
“I have from an early age abjured the use of meat, and the time will come when men such as I will look upon the murder of animals as they now look upon the murder of men.”
This was accidentally misattributed to him in an anthology and actually comes from a fictional portrayal of da Vinci.
Judging by his writings, however, this quote would easily fit with da Vinci’s views. I’ll leave you with a rather engaging passage in which da Vinci hints towards habitat and environmental destruction, the moral weight of consuming animals, and the ultimate outcome of humanity’s actions:
“Animals will be seen upon the earth who will always be fighting with one another, with very great losses and frequent deaths on each side. And there will be no end to their malice; … when they are filled with their food, the satisfaction of their desires will be to deal death, and grief and labor and fear and fright to every living thing; … Nothing will remain on earth or under the earth or in the waters that will not be persecuted, disturbed and spoiled, and those of one country move to another. And their bodies will become the tomb and the means of transit of all the living bodies they have killed. O Earth! what delays thee to open and hurl them headlong into the deep fissures of a huge abyss and caverns, and no longer to display in the sight of heaven so savage and ruthless a monster?”
I hope you enjoyed this History of Veganism Spotlight on Leonardo da Vinci. I’d love to hear what you thought of da Vinci’s writings! Were you aware of his belief about animal ethics? If it sparked your appetite for some old school vegans, be sure to check out the series so far.
The time it’s taken to produce the History of Veganism series so far clocks in at about 282 hours. I’d like to give a special thanks my $50 and above patrons and my whole Nugget Army Patreon family for making this and all of my videos possible.
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The History of Veganism Part I
The History of Veganism Part II
The History of Veganism Part III
Gird Your Loins (trailer for Part Three)
What About Plants, Tho?
What’s the Problem With Honey?
Honey Video for Kids [and adults!]
What's the Problem With Milk?
What’s Wrong With Wool?
What About Fish?
What It's Like for Cows
What It's Like For Birds
What It's Like For Pigs
Vegan vs. Vegetarian
The Morality of Meat
Why We Don't Eat Meat [for Kids]
Citations & Resources:
1] Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought By Rod Preece
2] Much Maligned Monsters by Partha Mitter (1977)
3] The Literary Works of Leonardo da Vinci by Jean Paul Richter
4] Selections from the Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci by Irma A. Richter, ed., (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977)
5] Leonardo da Vinci by Charles Nicholl
6] The Bloodless Revolution: A Cultural History of Vegetarianism from 1600 to Modern Times By Tristram Stuart
7] Codex Atlanticus, Leonardo da Vince, 76 vs, as quoted in Leonardo: Discovering the Life of Leonardo da Vinci by Serge Bramly
8] Leonardo: The First Scientist by Michael White
9] The Mind of Leonardo da Vinci by Edward MacCurdy
10] Codice Atlantico by Leonardo DaVinci
12] Fantastic Tales, Strange Animals, Riddles, Jests, and Prophecies of Leonardo da Vinci by Emery Kellen as quoted by Preece in Awe for the Tiger
13] MSS. H 60  r of the Library of the Institut de France
14] The Extended Circle: A Commonplace book of Animal Rights by Jon Wynne-Tyson
15] Leonardo da Vinci's Ethical Vegetarianism by David Hurwitz
16] The Great Masters by Giorgio Vasari